ayoeng is pronounced [aj'weŋ]
oe- is also [we]
IPA of oeng not clear. might be [weng]
We sure about the [we], now?
I think the rest has been answered by others, so I'll just take this one.
There are multiple lines of evidence that the oe
form a single syllable in many derivations, though in plain oe
itself they are two, and that this syllable is pronounced [we-].
(1) it's consistently marked ayoeng,
(2) Frommer states that awnga-
is shorter than ayoenga-
by one syllable:
"The advantage of the aw[nga] forms ... is that most of the declined forms are 2 syllables rather than 3, or 3 rather than 4. Example: ayoengal (3 syll.) vs. awngal (2 syll.)."
(3) F says that nga yawne lu oer
has five syllables;
(4) it's pronounced this way by him in the Hunt Song and in the movie;
(5) this can't happen in some forms, because it would result in illegal C clusters:
"No new C-clusters! ... In the dual and trial, the stress on the oe element does not shift. So pxoengaru has 4 syllables." That is, stress shift results in syllable reduction, as "ayoeng
" etc. would suggest, and this can't happen in some forms because the resulting consonant
would be illegal;
(6) there cannot be more than one vowel in a syllable;
(7) the only likely consonantal homologue of [ o ] is [ w ] (both rounded, both dorsal), confirming the fairly clear pronunciation of Frommer and the film.
( 8 ) the formal pronoun ohe
also shifts stress to the e in these derived forms, though in this case there appears to be no further change.
I don't know all the forms that have the stress shift and concomitant [ o ] --> [ we ]. Oe
; I've heard oel
both ways; however, all attested syllabic prefixes, as well as historically syllabic prefixes such as -r
have the shift; the prefixes m-, px-
block the shift.