Author Topic: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?  (Read 2309 times)

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Offline Ningey

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The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« on: September 27, 2011, 02:51:51 pm »
Kaltxì, ma smuktu, oel ayngati kameie!

There's one question that spooks in my head since I had started learning English, and that's the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs.
Since German doesn't have this distinction, it absolutely beats me.

Could anyone please explain the difference?

Irayo in advance.

Ningey


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Offline Kamean

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Re: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« Reply #1 on: September 27, 2011, 03:07:52 pm »
Nìprrte'! :)

In linguistics, transitivity is a property of verbs that relates to whether a verb can take direct objects.    

He kissed her hand - transitive verb.
She injured him - transitive verb.
What did you throw? - transitive verb.

Intransitive verb is a verb that has no object. This distinguishes it from a transitive verb, which takes one or more objects.
Examples of intransitive verbs include to die and to sleep.
« Last Edit: September 27, 2011, 03:11:04 pm by Kamean »
Tse'a ngal ke'ut a krr fra'uti kame.


Offline Ningey

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Re: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« Reply #2 on: September 27, 2011, 03:11:30 pm »
Ah, o.k.!

Irayo for the info. That finally explains the transition being made in an action...


"Sawtute ke tsun nivume - fo ke kerame!"
-- Neytiri te Tskaha Mo'at'ite

"There are two things that are infinite: Human stupidity and the universe. However, I'm not yet sure about the universe."
-- Albert Einstein

"He who gives up freedom for security deserves neither and loses both."
-- Benjamin Franklin

Offline Kamean

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Re: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« Reply #3 on: September 27, 2011, 03:18:10 pm »
Kea tìkin. :)
Tse'a ngal ke'ut a krr fra'uti kame.


Offline Blue Elf

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Re: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« Reply #4 on: September 27, 2011, 04:36:49 pm »
Quote
Intransitive verb is a verb that has no direct object.
It can take indirect object (dative case)
Oe lu skxawng skxakep. Slä oe nerume mi.
"Oe tasyätxaw ulte koren za'u oehu" (Limonádový Joe)


Offline Kamean

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Re: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« Reply #5 on: September 27, 2011, 04:40:29 pm »
Quote
Intransitive verb is a verb that has no direct object.
It can take indirect object (dative case)

Yes, I forget about this.
Tse'a ngal ke'ut a krr fra'uti kame.


Offline Plumps

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Re: The meaning of transitive and intransitive?
« Reply #6 on: September 28, 2011, 03:13:07 am »
Kaltxì, ma smuktu, oel ayngati kameie!

There's one question that spooks in my head since I had started learning English, and that's the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs.
Since German doesn't have this distinction, it absolutely beats me.

Ma Ningey,
of course German has this distinction... The same as Kamean and Blue Elf explained it depends on whether a verb can take (in)direct objects. It's just that we don't call it (in)transitive verbs (when you go deeper into linguistics though you will hear that in German grammar as well ;) ) - we just know that you can't say "Ich renne das Haus" (I run the house) because all verbs of movement are intransitive. On the other hand, we know (or at least we should) that "das Haus" in "ich sehe das Haus" (I see the house) is in the accusative (or 4th) case, thus making "sehen" (see) transitive. In school we rather focus on cases and clauses than on the property of the verb.

 

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