Author Topic: ’On sì Salewfya—Shapes and Directions  (Read 820 times)

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Offline Tìtstewan

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’On sì Salewfya—Shapes and Directions
« on: October 01, 2013, 03:41:30 am »
’On sì Salewfya—Shapes and Directions

Kaltxì, ma eylan! Ayngari tengkrr ya wur sleru nì’ul, sìlpey oe, livu helku sang ulte te’lan lefpom.

Here’s some new vocabulary—mostly excellent contributions of the LEP, some recent and some not-so-recent—involving shapes, directions, and the physical properties of objects.

’on (n.) ‘shape, form’

         Tsun fko ayonti fìwopxä nivìn fte yafkeykit sresive’a. listen
         ‘The shapes of clouds can be used to predict the weather.’
         (Literally, ‘One can look at the shapes of clouds in order to predict the weather.’)

(Note: As you see here, srese’a, which has previously been glossed as ‘prophesize,’ can also mean ‘predict.’)

salewfya (n., sa.LEW.fya) ‘direction, course’

         Sweylu set txo awnga kivä pesalewfya? listen
         ‘What direction should we go in now?’

The previous example is often shortened to a familiar two-word expression with wide use:

         Set pesalewfya? listen
         ‘What do we do now?’

koum (adj., ‘rounded, curved’

         Fìtskxeri fa’o lu yey; ke lu koum. listen
         ‘This rock has straight sides; it’s not rounded.’

ko’on (n., KO.’on) ‘ring, oval, closed shape roughly circular’

         Na’vi ìlä ho’on kllkxolem tengkrr rerol. listen
         ‘The People were standing in a circle, singing.’

(Note: kllkxolem, not kllkxerem! :) ) A ko’on is not necessarily a mathematical circle. For that, use yo’ko, which derives from *yo’ko’on ‘a perfectly circular ring.’

yo’ko (n., YO’.ko) ‘circle’

renulke (adj, ‘irregular, random’

         Eo ayfo a fya’o lamu ayskxeta teya sì renulke. listen
         ‘The path ahead of them was full of rocks and irregular.’

vawt (adj.) ‘solid, not hollow’

         Fìutralìri tangekä zir fkan vawt, hufwa ke rey. listen
         ‘The trunk of the tree feels solid, although it’s dead.’

momek (adj., MO.mek) ‘hollow, not solid’

         Tsatangekìri pam fkan momek. listen
         ‘That (tree)trunk sounds hollow.’

yeyfya (n., YEY.fya) ‘straight line’

         Woleyn Ìstawl yeyfyat mì hllte fte oeyktivìng fraporu tìhawlteri sneyä. listen
         ‘Ìstaw drew a line on the ground to explain his plan to everyone.’

yak (n.) ‘fork, branch, point of divergence)

         Haya yakro ftivang. Salew rä’ä. listen
         ‘Stop at the next fork. Do not proceed further.’

yak si (vin.) ‘diverge, change direction, go astray’

         Awnga zene vivar ìlä fìsalewfya. Zenke yak sivi. listen
         ‘We must continue in this direction. We must not go astray.’

And some important directional adverbs:

nìyeyfya (adv., nì.YEY.fya) ‘straight ahead, in a straight line’

nìftär (adv., nì.FTÄR) ‘to the left’

nìskien (adv., nì.SKI.en) ‘to the right’

         Salew nìyeyfya. Ne ’oratsyìp polähem, yak si nìftär. listen
         ‘Proceed straight ahead. When you arrive at the pond, turn to the left.’

’oratsyìp (n., ’O.ra.tsyìp) ‘pond, pool’

Hayalovay, ma smuk!
« Last Edit: October 01, 2013, 07:13:18 am by Tìtstewan »

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