Author Topic: second slot of verbs  (Read 794 times)

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Offline tompakato

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second slot of verbs
« on: March 19, 2013, 03:11:14 am »
We say "Oel ngati kameie", where "ei" gives a positive sense. Could one say "Kaltxì ma skxawng, oel ngati kamänge"? What else can go in the second slot?

Offline Taronyu Leleioae

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Re: second slot of verbs
« Reply #1 on: March 19, 2013, 06:33:03 am »
As a quick guide, there are three infix positions.

<0><1><2>

<0> is unique and is where the infixes for manipulation go.  <äp> for self, <eyk> for causative (someone or something is forced to...).  If you need both, it is always <äp><eyk>

<1> is your most common infix to describe tense (past, present, future) or aspect (done/completed, still happening).  You also put the <iv> infix here which is used with modal verbs.

<2> is unique for mood which includes <ei> happy/positive, <äng> unhappy/negative, <uy> honorary/ceremonial, and <ats> evidential/uncertainty.

An example of <ats> could be:

Po k<ol><ats>ä ne na'rìng.
He must have gone to the forest.

(You have both an aspect <ol> and mood <ats> being used in this sentence...)



There is a very helpful Infix Chart created by Nyx that can be good to have especially when learning.

There is also the "Easy Guide to Na'vi Prefixes, Infixes, and Suffixes" created by Tirea Aean as a summary.
« Last Edit: March 19, 2013, 06:56:08 am by Taronyu Leleioae »

 

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