Author Topic: Adjective antonyms (opposites)  (Read 7507 times)

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Offline 'Oma Tirea

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Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« on: November 28, 2010, 03:11:03 am »
Notes:

  • Some of these antonyms aren't clear, and may be in fact near-antonyms.  Any antonym with a (?) next to it has been deemed dubious.
  • (Near-)synonyms are included as well.  They are on the same side of the bar.
  • For the colors, there are no antonyms listed, except for teyr/layon.
  • For the ordinal numbers, there are no antonyms listed.  The two extreme ends here are 'awve and tor.
  • Some adjectives might not have a clear antonym, and thus there is no bar.
  • Others have an antonym that is undefined, or is to be defined.  I have marked these with an asterisk (*)

The adjective listing:

'ango | wok
'awve, muve... syen, tor
'änsyem, hasey | *incomplete
'e'al | swey
'engeng | *off-balance
'eoio, swok
'ewan | koak
'o'
'om, ean, rim, tun, kllvawm, rìkean, ta'lengean, teyr / layon, ngul
alaksi
apxa, tsawl | hì'i
etrìp
eyawr | keyawr
fkay | yawne
fkew, nawm, txantur
ftär | skien
ftue | ngäzìk
ftxavang
ftxìlor | ftxìvä'
fwel | *fixed
fyeyn | yaymak
ham | hay
hewne | txa'
hiyìk, stxong
hìm | txan
hìno, leno
hol | pxay
husahaw, ngeyn | txen
kakrel | tsuse'a
kalin | sraw
kangay | *fraudulent
kanu, sìlronsem | snumìna
kawng | sìltsan, txantsan
ke'aw | *unified
kea
keftxo | me'em (?), nitram (?)
kelfpomtokx, spxin | lefpomtokx
keltsun | letsunslu
kerusey | rusey
keteng | teng
kewong
kì'ong | win
ku'up | syo
kxanì | *allowed
kxayl | tìm
kxuke | lehrrap
lahe
laro | tsewtx
law
lefkrr
lefngap
lefpom | *unwell
lehawng | *insufficient
lehawngkrr | leye'krr
lekin | *unnecessary
lekoren | *unruly, disobedient, rebellious
lekye'ung | nitram (?)
lemweypey | *anxious
leNa'vi
lenomum | *uninterested
lerìk
lesar | *useless
letokx
letrr
letrrtrr
letsranten
lor | vä'
mawey
mip | spuwin
mowan, prrte', sunu | *dislikeable
muiä
muntxa
nafì'u
neyn | vawm
ngay | tsleng
ngim | *short (length)
ohakx | teya
piak | tstu
pxan
pxasul | syä'ä
pxi | tete
pxim, yey | *bent
reng | txukx
sayrìp, sevin
seykxel, txur | meyp
skepek | *casual
skxakep
sok
som | wew
tstew | fnawe'
tstunwi | yaymak
txanew | tusìng
txantslusam
txin | *auxillary
ukxo | *wet
yol | *long (time)


Maybe this could bring up some discussion for lexical expansion, because words like "wet" might have a practical Na'vi translation :)

« Last Edit: January 16, 2011, 12:12:42 am by Sxkxawng alu 'Oma Tirea »
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Offline kewnya txamew'itan

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #1 on: November 28, 2010, 06:41:59 am »
This is more a matter of vocabulary.

Do we know how many of these missing antonyms are in the LEP?
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Offline 'Oma Tirea

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #2 on: January 15, 2011, 03:18:57 am »
Do we know how many of these missing antonyms are in the LEP?

Not sure...but it is definitely something worth considering :)

NB I did recently create a Nouns thread and adverbs thread, and one for verbs is coming ye'rìn :) These will also be useful when developing prezis for (say) PNgN ::) ;D

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Offline Ataeghane

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #3 on: January 15, 2011, 05:53:23 pm »
Small spelling mistake: ftxìvä', not ftxìvä.

Oer wivìntxu ngal oey keyeyt krr a tse'a sat. Frakrr.

Offline Plumps

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #4 on: January 16, 2011, 03:09:12 am »
Isn’t txan also used for long (time)?
That’s where we got confused in the beginning. There was a sentence yola krr, txana krr, ke tsranten
But I know what you mean, could be confusing if you’d speak about an action that took long and put txan there. Could be misunderstood. So, a single word for that would be nice.

Offline Le'eylan

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #5 on: February 09, 2011, 03:28:55 am »
Do we know that sìltsan and kawng are opposites?
Because I've got a feeling that they're not, due to what Frommer said at the workshop..
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Offline Plumps

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #6 on: February 09, 2011, 03:50:57 am »
Do we know that sìltsan and kawng are opposites?
Because I've got a feeling that they're not, due to what Frommer said at the workshop..

I suspect the same. I doubt that oe ’efu sìltsan and oe ’efu kawng would mean opposite things in terms of physically or emotionally feeling healthy or not.

We can say oe ke ’efu sìltsan but I think that is a euphemism the Na’vi would not necessarily use. I think most languages have two distinct words/phrases for that:
    I feel good/bad.
    Mir geht’s gut/schlecht.
    Tá mé go maith/dona.

Offline Le'eylan

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #7 on: February 09, 2011, 03:58:26 am »
Yeah.
I think that we only have two out of four adjectives...

We know that kawng is "bad/evil".
Sìltsan, which Frommer explained as "good, fulfilling its purpose".
I use Swedish examples:
God / Ond - Good / Evil
Bra / dålig - Good / Bad

If that is the case, then:
Bra is sìltsan, like Neytiri tells Seze.
But kawng is ond, as in "The skypeople are evil."
« Last Edit: February 09, 2011, 05:28:32 am by Le'eylan »
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Offline 'Oma Tirea

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #8 on: February 10, 2011, 01:47:19 am »
I'll probably just keep it as is until there is a clearer distinction made, which may involve a new word or two from Frommer.

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Offline Ataeghane

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Re: Adjective antonyms (opposites)
« Reply #9 on: February 12, 2011, 09:37:51 am »
Oe 'efu kawng could be interesting, meaning I feel evil.

Oer wivìntxu ngal oey keyeyt krr a tse'a sat. Frakrr.

 

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